The current scenario of Indian Politics

The current scenario of Indian Politics

                   Politics is in the heart of every nation. The subject touches on the various aspects of policymaking, peoples-issues, aspects of governance and laws that are meant to bring about a change in any democracy. Ever since independence, our country is a witness to the trials and tribulations of most citizens, their struggles and fight for democratic rights, and the transparency of various institutions that are meant to carry out the functions for our people. There have been tempestuous social and economic changes in India across various states, which continue to evolve to the present day. However, Indian politics has stood the test of time, and the greatness of our constitution given by our founding fathers has kept the Indian democratic system alive and strong. This is something that every citizen needs to cherish.

               Despite the strengths of our democratic system, there are also many pitfalls that besiege many parts of our country. Issues like- poverty, malnutrition, farmers issues, the urban-rural divide and unemployment continue to haunt citizens across many states. The idea of India has many parts to the whole. There are different communities, tribes, castes and ethnicities that have their own aspiration and perception of our country, and as to how they want it to be. Our pluralistic culture and diversity only touch upon the existing conflicts, and the perception of an ideal India never seems plausible for all as one united country.

               However, politics has evolved with time and political parties have transformed or transmuted to different forms which set the tone and objective for every new government that comes in five years. There are obvious hits and misses by most governments that come to power, and new policies also evolve to the needs of the time. This flux is existent in Indian politics and the journey continues to this day.

Glimpses from the past-

             India emerged as a nation-state in 1946-47. The process of consolidation among various identities and aspirations amid tensions of different people through these seventy-two years has given shape to various perspectives on policies and governance. The evolution of various political parties and the framing of laws have given a new dimension to policymaking. Both North and Southern India despite their cultural gap and differences have coalesced between national and regional aspirations.

            The growth of the Congress party and the various factions that transmuted to other fronts also had a role to play in coalition politics. This trend was visible during the Indira Gandhi years (1969- 1973) and the JP movement. The rise of the BJP and the revival of Marxism had also shaped the contours of Indian politics after the emergency years. Post-liberalization, after the economic reforms in 1991, the markets opened up and the days of the License Raj were far behind. The role of state politics on the national agenda was also clearly visible. To sum it all up, India has changed with the tide of the global undercurrents and has made a significant improvement over the years despite lagging on many fronts.

The present situation-

            This year, in the run-up to the 2019 elections, the political war has polarized the electorate like never before. The narrative of Prime Minister Narendra Modi on national security and the opposition’s chance of revival (On challenging the government on unemployment, farmers issues, and growth) has mixed reactions from various corridors. The opposition not being able to forge alliances and getting a substantial shift against the ruling government has many angles to the present political scene. States like Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Orissa have a different set of dynamics applied to alliances that could be forged between various parties- both pre-poll and post-poll! Truly, the political turmoil which exists in the country vis-à-vis the reality on the ground can make psephology look dull today.

            Post the Balakot air strikes and the BJP’s stand on national security, the Congress not being able to forge alliances with regional players, and the national sentiment being divided among voters clearly shows the politics of our times. Many states have regional aspirations and the leaders also seem to have a lead on the national scene especially the 2019 general elections. Sometimes, the arithmetic of Assembly elections being transposed into Lok Sabha seats can be dicey. If one observes every ten years, the trends tend to change and no established pattern seems to be perfect while predicting elections.

 The future-

           Many states have finished polling and one has to only wait and watch what happens when the results are declared. The post-poll factor also does seem to have an edge after the counting takes place. Media channels are abuzz with ratings and reviews of political leaders and surveys showing new trends. But in our country one thing is for sure- It is very difficult to predict the political landscape especially general elections.

          If the BJP wins, they will carry on with their objectives of the market economy and strong foreign policy. The Congress is also expecting to win and make a come back especially with Priyanka Gandhi entering with force and Rahul Gandhi’s aggressive campaigning. The Congress party has also proposed a new scheme NYAY (Nyuntam Aay Yojana Scheme) and has promised to tackle unemployment and the farmer's crisis. There could also be a possibility of regional players swinging things in their favour. The reality is that the voter mood and national narrative being played out can swing things in any direction. The 2019 elections will decide the role of leadership that will take India ahead in a particular direction. One has to only wait and watch what real message these elections hold for the citizens of India?

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